When an individual cannot stop urine from leaking out of his or her uretha, it is called bladder incontinence. It occurs at varying levels, where some patients leak urine only occasionally, and others not able to hold any urine at all. This is an embarrassing problem that many consider childish and disgusting, yet it plagues many people who are otherwise perfectly normal.
Types of Bladder Incontinence
There are three essential types of urinary incontinence.
- Urge incontinence—when you don’t have enough time between your ugre to urinate and going to the bathroom to empty your bladder.
- Stress incontinence—occurs during specific activities that put pressure or stress on the bladder, like sneezing, coughing, or laughing.
- Overflow incontinence—when you lose control over your bladder. This usually leads to dribbling.
The Process and Causes
Under normal circumstances, the kidneys produce urine,and your bladder then stretches to store it. Most bladders can hold anywhere from 500-1000ml (or 17-34oz), so you should feel the urge to urinate when your bladder is holding around 200ml of urine. Even if you don’t immediately relieve yourself, the bladder keeps filling, and a normal person shouldn’t have any problems—even if the urine level reaches 550ml. The sphincter and the bladder wall muscles help hold urine in the bladder.
A person with healthy urinary system will easily know when their bladder has reached its fully capacity. If you are having issues with incontinence, it usually signifies issues with your urinary or nervous systems.
The interesting thing is that there can be different causes of urinary incontinence, and you can find a solution only when you know the root cause. It could be one of a myriad of reasons, including:
- Nerve problems
- Blockage in the urinary system
- Muscle problems
- Dementia or mental confusion
- Certain medications
- Prostate inflammation
- Bladder spasms
- Bladder cancer
- And more.
A session with an expert at Collin County Urology will help identify the root cause of your incontinence, making it easy to treat the condition. We will talk about your medical history and conduct a physical exam focused on your genitals, abdomen, rectum, pelvis, and nervous system to determine the problem. If required, we may even recommend further testing, including Cystoscopy, PVR, and Urinalysis, to know what causes incontinence in your personal case.
Let us help you get rid of this annoying condition in a professional manner.
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