If there’s just one crucial first step to prevent kidney stone formation, it is most likely to understand what causes the stones to form. Similarly, if there’s just one crucial first step to treat kidney stone, it is probably to understand the stone type that is formed.
There are four major types of kidney stones, and each has a different set of dietary strategies and treatments. In this respect, the words of Sir Francis Bacon “knowledge is power” beacon.
Collin County Urology in Plano, TX, shares that kidney stones start to form when there’s high concentration level of certain substances in the urine. The more common of these substances include oxalate, calcium and phosphorus.
There’s no single, encompassing cause of all kidney stone formations. But one may be considered susceptible to stone formations when he (or she) has the genes or medical history to such formations. One may also have a higher formation risk when he consumes certain types of food and drinks less of fluids (the latter factor make urine more concentrated).
Varying in sizes from a grain of sand to a golf ball, here are the four major types of kidney stones:
CALCIUM STONE. This is considered the most common type of stone, and is further subdivided into two major forms: calcium oxalate (accounts for over 80 percent of all stones) and calcium phosphate. When large enough, calcium stones are normally seen on a plain x-ray film. Calcium Oxalate is likely formed by high calcium and high oxalate excretion, while Calcium Phosphate is likely due to the combination of high urine calcium and high pH urine. There is treatment to calcium stones, meaning a patient can induce the stones to pass naturally or prevent further stone formations. One may thus approach these stones, upon recommendation by a certified urologist, by following a diet of salt restriction and increased fluid intake. Unfortunately, there is no known medication yet to dissolve this kind of stone.
URIC ACID STONE. This is formed when urine is consistently acidic — settle and form a uric acid stone by itself or along with calcium. One may increase susceptibility to uric acid in urine when there’s excessive intake of purines: substances found in animal protein like fish, meat, and shellfish.
STRUVITE STONE. Also known as infection stone, this is common among individuals with recurrent urinary tract infections or kidney infections. While this stone generally produces no pain, the infection will likely be persistent even if there’s appropriate antibiotic treatment. The elimination of infected stones and keeping oneself infection-free will prevent more struvite stones.
CYSTINE STONE. This is actually a genetic disorder that makes cystine (a form of amino acid) to crystallize and accumulate into stones after leaking through the kidneys and into the urine. The good news is that this stone type is clearly seen on plain x-rays and responds favorably to treatments.
For more on stone types treatment, better consult now the experienced urologists at Collin County Urology. The practice has indeed specialist doctors with extensive expertise in all aspects of stone diagnosis and treatment.
To arrange a urology consultation, please call us at (972) 403-5425 or fill out this Schedule Reservation Form.This entry was posted in Kidney Stone. Bookmark the permalink.
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