What Exactly Causes Kidney Stones?

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Kidney stones are formed when certain substances in one’s urine, such as oxalate, calcium or sometimes even uric acid, crystallize. These stones are found in the kidneys, which are vital organs of the body responsible for collecting urine and filtering it before it flows into the bladder.

How kidney stones pose a problem

Usually, small kidney stones completely go unnoticed since they can easily flow through the urinary tract and expelled out of the body. The problem occurs once these stones become large and will start flowing towards the bladder. This could cause the ureters to stretch and eventually become irritated. And when the normal flow of the urine is blocked, the individual can experience significant pain.

Possible culprits of kidney stones

But then we ask, what really causes these kidney stones to form and why do people get them while others do not? Some factors that may cause stones to form include the following:

  • Men are more susceptible to acquiring kidney stones than women.
  • When it comes to age, young adults and middle-aged individuals get kidney stones more than those who belong to older age groups.
  • Kidney stones, according to medical studies, usually form when a person does not get adequate hydration.
  • This condition usually affects people who are located in tropical climates more than those who are living in cooler conditions.

Who are at risk?

People who have had kidney stones in the past are 50% more likely to experience more kidney stones over a time frame of about 10 years. There is a 15% chance that another kidney stone could form in that individual within the first year after his or her previous diagnosis. Kidney stones are also more likely to occur once the individual’s urine has been found out to be chronically infected with certain microorganisms.

Don’t wait for kidney failure to occur. Consult a qualified physician at Collin County Urology today by calling us at 972-403-5425.


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