The kidneys are organs of the body that are responsible for removing the waste in our system. When these organs stop working, you may be diagnosed with acute renal failure or acute kidney injury. Because the kidneys play a vital part in the waste excretion process of our body, a kidney failure can be very crucial.
Other than that, the kidneys also ensure that a balance between water, salt, and other electrolytes in the body is maintained. Since these are important functions in the body, failure in the kidneys leads to the build-up of waste, fluids, and electrolytes within the body. Usually, the outcome can be deadly.
Common causes of kidney failure
Renal failure can be caused by three things.
- Kidney damage brought by medications, poisons, or infections. Although medications may not pose a problem to the kidneys, long-term ingestion of these can be quite damaging to these organs. Some medications that can affect the kidneys include dyes used in X-rays, antibiotics, ACE inhibitors, and pain medications.
- A sudden drop in the blood flow to the kidneys. There are many reasons why blood flow is reduced, including a serious injury, infection or sepsis, or a large amount of blood loss. Inadequate hydration can also cause damage to one’s kidneys.
- Blockage in the urinary tract that stops urine from flowing from the kidneys. A blockage may be caused by injuries, a tumor, kidney stones, or an enlarged prostate gland.
Watch out for kidney failure symptoms
- Pain usually felt below the rib cage as well as in the flanks
- Very little urine to no urine at all
- Anxiety, sleepiness, restlessness, and confusion
- Swelling that may occur in the legs and feet
- Nausea and vomiting
If you suspect any of these symptoms, contact our doctors at Collin County Urology immediately through 972-403-5425 to properly diagnose your condition.
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